BT Soviet light tanks (on USA Christie chassis)

Kubinka tank museum Pavilion N 3 history, virtual tour and exhibits description: Soviet light tanks of the high-speed series on the Christie chassis.

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Part 3: BT-2, BT-5 Soviet serial light tanks and T-126 prototype for the T-34.

BT-2 soviet light tank

Developed in 1931 based on the chassis of the US Christie” truck. Adopted by the Red Army in 1932. Produced in series. Released 620 tanks.

“BT”- “Bystrohodny Tank”-  “High-speed tank”

By June 1, 1941, the Red Army had 580 BT-2 linear reconnaissance tanks, including 396 in the western military district of USSR..

BT-2 soviet light tank, Kubinka museum

BT-2 soviet light tank, Kubinka museum 2007 archive.

After restoration, the tank was moved to Patriot Park.

More pictures:

BT-5 soviet light tank

Light wheeled / tracked tank, serial. It was developed in 1933 on the basis of the chassis “Christy” bought in the USA. It was produced serially from 1933 to 1934. It was in service with the Red Army. Used in the battles of the river Khalkhin-Gol and the war in Spain. The remaining BT-5 tanks were in service in the battles of the Great Patriotic War, mainly during the initial period

Location at 2016, there is no in Kubinka HQ pavilion N3.

BT-5 soviet light tank, Kubinka museum

BT-5 soviet light tank, Kubinka museum 2006 archive.

BT-5 tactical and technical characteristics:

Weight – 11.5 tons
Number of crew – 3 people
Overall dimensions (length x width x height) – 5580 x 2230 x 2250 mm.
Armament: gun – 1 piece, caliber – 45 mm., Ammunition – 115 shots
machine gun – 1 piece, caliber – 7.62 mm., ammunition, ammunition .. 2709
Armored protection – 13 mm.
Engine power – 400 horsepower
The maximum speed is 72 km / h on the wheels, 52 km / h on the crawler track,
Cruising range on the highway – 200 km.
The depth of the water barriers to be surfaced is 1.0 meters
Design features: Base – tank BT-2. The overall layout – the engine-transmission unit is located in the stern of the machine.

Armament – unlike the BT-2 tank, the gun is paired with a machine gun. Protection – riveted box-shaped body has a narrowing nose.

Chassis – the tank is equipped with a 12-cylinder, carburetor, V-engine; The mechanical transmission consists of a main friction clutch of dry friction (steel on steel), which is mounted on the crankshaft toe, four-speed gearbox, two multi-disk side clutches with belt brakes, two single-stage side gears and two reducers (guitars) to the rear skating rinks when wheeled.

More pictures of BT-5 light tank:

When developing the T-34, the legendary Soviet medium tank, the BT-7 chassis and hull shape from the T-126 light tank were used. For this reason, we also show the T-126 prototype below.

T-126SP prototype Soviet light tank

It was developed in 1940. Only the prototype has been issued. He was not in service. In the battles did not participate.

T-126SP prototype Soviet light tank, Kubinka museum

T-126SP prototype Soviet light tank, Kubinka museum 2006 archive

Tactical and technical characteristics of T-126SP

Weight – 17 tons
Number of crew – 4 people
Overall dimensions (length x width x height) – 4700 x 2765 x 2330 mm.
Armament: gun – 1 piece, caliber – 45 mm., Ammunition – 150 shots
machine gun – 1 piece, caliber – 7.62 mm., ammunition – 4250 rounds
Armored protection – 45 mm.
Engine power – 270 horsepower
The maximum speed is 35 km / h
Cruising range on the highway – 270 km.
The depth of the water barriers to be waded is 1.1 meters

Design Features: Base – the original.